Today is the 100th anniversary of National Leader Heydar Aliyev
KİNG.Az reports that it is the 100th anniversary of Heydar Aliyev's birth.
Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923 in the city of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. After graduating from Nakhchivan Pedagogical Technical College in 1939, he studied at the architecture faculty of Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now Azerbaijan State Oil Academy). The war did not allow him to finish his education.
Since 1941, Heydar Aliyev worked as a department head in the Nakhchivan MSSR People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs and the Nakhchivan MSSR Council of People's Commissars, and in 1944 he was sent to work in the state security agencies. Since 1964, Heydar Aliyev, who has been working in the system of security agencies, worked as the deputy chairman of the State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR, and from 1967, he was promoted to the rank of major general. In those years, he received special higher education in the city of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). In 1957, he graduated from the history faculty of Azerbaijan State University.
Heydar Aliyev was elected the first secretary of the Central Committee at the July 1969 plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and became the head of the republic. Heydar Aliyev, who was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in December 1982, was appointed as the first deputy chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and became one of the leaders of the USSR. Heydar Aliyev was a deputy of the Supreme Soviets of the USSR and the Azerbaijan SSR for twenty years and served as the first deputy chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers for five years.
Heydar Aliyev resigned from his positions in October 1987 as a sign of protest against the political line introduced by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
On January 20, 1990, Heydar Aliyev made a statement at the Azerbaijani representative office in Moscow regarding the bloody tragedy committed by the Soviet troops in Baku and demanded the punishment of the organizers and perpetrators of the crime committed against the people of Azerbaijan. He left the ranks of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in July 1991 as a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of the USSR leadership regarding the acute conflict situation in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Heydar Aliyev, who returned to Azerbaijan in July 1990, first lived in Baku and then in Nakhchivan, and was elected a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan in the same year. In 1991-1993, he was the Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 1992, Heydar Aliyev was elected chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party at the founding congress held in Nakhchivan.
In May-June 1993, when the government crisis became extremely acute and there was a threat of a civil war and the loss of independence, the people of Azerbaijan rose up with the demand to bring Heydar Aliyev to power. The then leaders of Azerbaijan were forced to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku. Heydar Aliyev was elected the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan on June 15, 1993, and on July 24, by the decision of the Milli Majlis, he began to exercise the powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
On October 3, 1993, as a result of the national vote, Heydar Aliyev was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On October 11, 1998, he was re-elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, having collected 76.1 percent of the votes in the elections held in the conditions of high public participation. Heydar Aliyev, who agreed to be nominated in the presidential elections held on October 15, 2003, refused to participate in the elections due to health problems.
The National Leader of Azerbaijan, President Heydar Aliyev died on December 12, 2003 at the Cleveland Clinic (USA), where he was being treated, and was buried on December 15 in the Alley of Honor in Baku.
Heydar Aliyev was awarded many state orders and medals, international awards, and was elected honorary doctor of universities of various countries.
President Ilham Aliyev announced on September 29, 2022, "2023 is the Year of Heydar Aliyev in the Republic of Azerbaijan" signed an order on the "Year of Heydar Aliyev" by another order signed by the head of state on November 28, 2022. Various events are being held in connection with the 100th anniversary of the leader's birth, which will continue until the end of the year.